Sunday, March 21, 2010

About Churu..
Churu, the desert city, is a place of historic importance. The town is said to have been found by a Jat named Chuhru in
C1620 AD. Churu, like an oasis, situated in the middle of the shifting golden sand dunes, opens the gate to the great
desert of Thar..The city has a magnificent fort which is believed to have been built by Thakur Khushal Singh in the year
1739 AD. The proud fort stands in the middle of the town where it is said that the brave Thakur Sheoji Singh tried to
defend its honour by firing silver canon balls at the attacking army of the Raja of Bikaner.The famous wealthy merchants
of the town, having business connections all over India, added to its splendour by building beautiful majestic havelis,
made of lime and brick and decorated them by the best of the frescoes on the facade as well as inside of the rooms.
The best of the masons and 'Chitera' or painters were employed to decorate these buildings. Initially, the Chiteras
practised dry and wet methods using mineral and vegetable colours. Later on, around in 1860's they made brighter and
colorful paintings with the help of chemical colours. Some merchants, the Mantries, Suranas & Kotharis got few rooms
painted in gold with extensive mirror work. The prosperity of Churu reached its zenith in 18th century when the atmosphere
of peace and security prevailed and the caravans passed through. Consequently, the business of wool, silk, opium and
spices flourished. The merchants moved away to the British India and onwards to Calcutta and other business centers in
central India. They made a lot of money using their unique business acumen and decided to raise the palatial houses for
their families in Churu.Churu gives the enchantment of its past glory and treasure to the visitors while one walks
through the meandering streets, lined either sides by the largest havelis in the area. There are beautiful temples,
chhatries(cenotaphs), the fort, the Johra (water tank) and wells which are all decorated with bright multicoloured
wall paintings in various subjects. The city also has a museum named 'Nagarshree'.The magnificent Havelis, duly decorated
by picturesque wall paintings not only add to the beauty of the town but also tell the tales of the famous merchants.
Before independence, it was a part of Bikaner State. The district came into existence in 1948 comprising three tehsils
Churu, Rajgarh and Taranagar when the administration of Bikaner State reorganized. The district is situated in the middle
portion of the north-east of Rajasthan between 27 degree 24 minutes to 29 degree latitude and 73 degree 40 minute to 75
degree 41 minute longitude. The district having diversified climate and culture, occupied nearly 4.5 % area of the state.
It is bound on the north by Ganganagar district, on the east by Sikar and Jhunjhunu districts of Rajasthan and Hissar
district of Haryana, on the south by Nagaur district and on the west by Bikaner district. Now it comprises of 5
sub-divisions, 7 tehsils, 2 sub-tehsils, 10 Municipalities and 908 villages.Sujangarh, Ratangarh, Sardarshahar, Tarangar,
Rajgarh, Ratannagar, Chapper, Bidasar and Rajaldesar are the other major towns in the district.

Blackbuck sanctuary, having more than 1680 black bucks and migratory birds, is
the major attraction for wild life enthusiasts.
The other attractions are grand palatial havalies in Ratannagar,
Ratangarh and Sardarshahar towns,
the Hanuman temple at Salasar,
the Venkateshwar temple at Sujangarh,
the birth place of local deity Goga Pir in Dadrewa and
the Gurudwara in Sahawa.

1 comment:

  1. Churu is Really very hot & cool place yaar...